Monthly Archives: January 2014

Challenges and Prospects of Youthful Agriculture ACP Countries

Agriculture is the third-largest economic sector and provides jobs for 56 per cent of the workforce in the world. Since most governments have failed to provide employment to the growing youth population in most developing countries,many have turned to employ themselves especially in the domain of agriculture.
But most at times they lack the resources to embark on mechanized agriculture,hence subsistence agriculture is the order of the day.Some of the youths engage in animal farming which has proven to be one of the best in terms of end products.
In all, agriculture in rural as well as urban areas have its own challenges.Some of these challenges have been long standing and most youths have found it difficult to overcome them.

Youths looking forward for brighter future

Youths looking forward for brighter future

Cocoa most expensive cash crop

Cocoa most expensive cash crop

CHALLENGES OF YOUTHFUL AGRICULTURE IN RURAL AND URBAN AREAS.

First and foremost,there is high illiteracy rate and poor skill levels are observed,particularly in rural youths.These youths do not have enough awareness of concepts and principles of sustainable agriculture.They lack knowledge on exportable markets.

Youths in rural areas have old farming tools that could hardly tilt the soil for a sizable cultivation of products.

There is also the ugly face of epidermic which has been killing numerous animals,this epidermic at times wipe out the entire breed of certain animals.
The level of poverty in some villages is also a factor for the poor output,youths lack money to buy pesticides,farm tools etc.

Because of the shrinking job opportunities in the rural areas and farming sector,farmers not only experience difficulties finding qualified and skilled agricultural laborers but they also have to pay
them more.

Aquastat, 2005 opines that improved and safe drinking water facilities are human needs however, these are only available to about 96% of rural population and 99% of the urban population with an average of 97% of the total population.
There is also the issue of Poor health, malnutrition, and high family growth rates which are quite common in rural areas.And these days only the youths are dying making the workforce who are predominantly old persons to stay helpless.
Similarly,maternal and child health are a continuing challenge.
Furthermore, health care facilities are not equally accessible to all particularly in rural areas. The rural areas have inadequate health information systems for monitoring communicable diseases and major health
risks. Lack of nurses, paramedics, skilled birth attendants and health system managers indicates an imbalance health workforce with excess doctors and specialists prevails in the rural areas.

Youths also face the problem of lack of a permanent mechanism of industry promoting agriculture in urban areas to help those in rural areas.
There is also the absence a new pattern that can integrate the economic and social development in urban and rural areas in ACP countries.
Growing resources and environmental restrictions have continued to dampened agricultural development.

Experts say Inadequate investment in infrastructure construction, limited job opportunities for farmers, outdated rural social administration and public services in rural areas are still impeding the development of agricultural and rural economy.
Our experts also recommend that reduction of arable land, lack of fresh water resources, inadequate support of finance and technology and aging water conservancy facilities restrict the stable development of agriculture.

STRIVES AND SUCCESSES
If we can eat meat,vegetable,cereals today, it is because of the untiring efforts of the youths.They are the backbone and the workforce in any country.In fact the youths have made a good strive towards attaining the goal of feeding the nation.
The youth is the breast basket of any society.

PROSPECTS OF AGRICULTURE IN ACP COUNTRIES

Former Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Jean Nkuete once said that
“Cameroon’s comparative advantages include high soil fertility, a low-cost workforce, diverse climatic regions, seaport infrastructure and a favourable fiscal regime for those investing in rural areas. Now we just need to add the strong political will to support agribusiness,” .With this declaration,it is clear that youths just need a political will to enjoy engaging in agriculture in their respective countries.Politicians need to think about the youths,they need to think about them in terms of given subvention to NGOs,to help them grow in their various endeavors.

The agriculture industry needs to be redynamised to improve on crop cultivation, water management, fertilizer application, fertilization, pest management, harvesting, post-harvest handling, transport of food products, packaging, food preservation, food processing/value addition, quality management, food safety, food storage, and food marketing.

An Increase the projects benefiting public welfare and biological environment in the most poverty-stricken counties.
An Increase in direct subsidies for cereal crops cultivation, purchasing of quality seeds, farm tools and other productive materials;

Formation of a pattern to increase agricultural efficiency and farmers’ incomes;

Vigorously ramp up oil production, encourage cotton and sugar production, guarantee staple food production including meat, poultry, eggs, milk and vegetables to ease short supply of agricultural products.

Reinforce agriculture standardization and guarantee safety of agricultural products, prop up agricultural industrialization, strengthen and improve controls on the agricultural market.

Prioritize water control in rural infrastructure construction, including supporting water conservancy projects on small farmland, encouraging water-saving irrigation, restoring crumbling reservoirs, intensifying farmland protection and soil amelioration, strengthening ecological rehabilitation and stepping up agricultural mechanization.

If all these conditions are taken into consideration then the nightmare of agriculture in ACP countries would be something of the past.

By
Nfor Hanson Nchanji

Sam Fan Thomas Named Interim President Of SOCAM

Arts and Culture minister Ama Tutu Muna has named Makossa Musician interim president of Cameroon music cooperation.He heads the ad-hoc committee while Sona Christopher is named president of the normalization committee

FACT FILE

Sam Fan Thomas is born in 1952 and hails from Bafoussam, the capital of the West Province of Cameroon. The city is also the cultural and economical center of the Bamilike people. He started his musical career in 1968 when he joined The Black Tigers led by Andre Marie Tala. He stayed with Tala for the next eight years, recording several singles.

The band also recorded in Paris and toured Senegal and other African countries. It was during this period that Tala developed his Tchamassi rhythm, a modern music style based on Bamilike folklore.
Then in 1976, Sam left to persue a solo career recording his first solo LP Funky New Bell, in Benin on the Satel label. This record was post earlier on:

A second LP, also on the Satel label followed in 1977. On this album Sam was supported by the Black Santiagos from Benin.

It was his third release recorded in 1982 in Nigeria, with the hit song Rikiatou, which finally established his reputation in Cameroon.

In 1983 Sam Fan Thomas travelled to Paris to record the album Makassi. Makassi is the name of Sam’s own music style, a type of uptempo Makossa with blended with a touch of Andre Marie Tala’s Tchamassi and other Bamilike influences.
The album contained the hit song African Typic Collection. This song builded around the melody of the classic Franco song Boma l’heure became a massive international dance floor hit, with amazing sales all over Africa, France and the West Indies where it was also released as a 12 inch single.

Makassi brought Sam a Golden Disc in 1984 and was followed by his fifth album Neng Makassi in 1985. The album retained the sophisticated production of Makassi, without reaching the heights of his greatest hit. In 1986 he came with two albums, Funk Makassi and Makassi plus of which the last one became a big hit.

Man Kills Pregnant Ex-Girl Friend,Stoned By Population

Shock and consternation gribbed populace of Bambili this Monday morning after a macabre incident,a 28 year-old man stabbed his former pregnant girl friend to death on grounds that she refused renewing the relationship.

Eye witnesses say the boy identified as YIVJOU KUICHE after failing to convince his former girl friend MAKUA PAGOU,a level three student at ENSET in Bambili,he proceeded to buying a matchet and used it on her.

The 24 year-old girl who is reported to be six months pregnant to another guy gave up the ghost shortly.

The people of that area went wild and had this boy stoned to death,thus paying him with his own identical coin.

This is not the first time that men are using matchets on women in Bamenda,three weeks ago,it was a taxi driver who also stabbed his pregnant girl friend to death before drinking acid.

Catherine Samba-Panza is CAR new president

Mayor of Bangui Catherine Samba-Panza has been voted as the interim president of the Central African Republic.

Her election sets a history as first female president in the war-torn nation.
She beat her rival Desire Kolingba by 75 against 53 votes in the second round of the voting from the 129 members of the National Transitional Council present at the voting.

Catherine,CAR new boss in victory waves

Catherine,CAR new boss in victory waves


In her victory speech, Ms Samba-Panza urged Christian militias, known as anti-balaka, and Muslim fighters in the ex-Seleka rebel movement to end the bloodshed.

“I call on my children, especially the anti-balaka, to put down their arms and stop all the fighting. The same goes for the ex-Seleka – they should not have fear. I don’t want to hear any more talk of murders and killings,” she said, the Associated Press news agency reports.

“Starting today, I am the president of all Central Africans, without exclusion,” she said.

Cheers broke out in the National Transitional Council, which serves as an interim parliament, when Ms Samba-Panza’s victory was announced.
FACT-FILE

Appointed mayor of Bangui by interim government – accepted by both Seleka rebels and their opponents
Successful businesswoman and corporate lawyer
Christian but seen as politically neutral
Chaired national dialogue in 2003
Born 26 June 1954 in Chad – father from Cameroon and mother from CAR

kindly follow this link;it will change your journalistic life and why not your whole life…

<script>var yoblocobadge=function(){document.write(‘<div style=”position:absolute;top:0;right:15px;z-index:9999;”><a href=”http://www.yobloco.info&#8221; title=”YoBloCo website”><img src=”http://www.yobloco.info/images/yobloco_badge.png&#8221; /></a></div>’);}();</script>

Le prix des meilleurs blogs sur les jeunes et l’agriculture est lancé

Ce concours de blog est baptisé « YoBloCo Awards ». Il est organisé par le CTA, Centre Technique de Coopération Agricole et Rurale, et ses partenaires. Ledit concours est ouvert aux jeunes âgés entre 18 et 35 ans, originaires des pays ACP.

Les personnes éligibles (18-35 ans), sont encouragées à mettre à jour leur blog si nécessaire et à le soumettre pour prendre part à la compétition. Le blog peut être soumis tel qu’il est actuellement, et être amélioré avant que l’évaluation publique ne débute (1er mars 2014). Cependant, il doit être soumis le 31 janvier 2014 au plus tard !

Il y a de nombreux prix à gagner, jusqu’à 3000 euros !

Les candidats intéressés sont invités à soumettre leur blog dans la catégorie individuelle (ouverte aux étudiants suivant une formation agricole, aux jeunes agriculteurs, aux journalistes ou aux autres jeunes intéressés par les TIC ou l’agriculture) ou dans la catégorie institutionnelle (ouverte aux organisations locales ou nationales suivantes et à leurs jeunes membres: organisations de jeunes agriculteurs; jeunes membres d’organisations d’agriculteurs; jeunes membres de toute organisation intéressée par l’agriculture, le développement rural et les TIC).

Les objectifs du concours sont les suivants :
Mettre en lumière les enjeux, les réussites et les difficultés rencontrées par les jeunes travaillant dans le secteur agricole au niveau des zones urbaines et rurales ;
Encourager la production de l’information et l’utilisation des nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication par les groupements de jeunes agriculteurs et les organisations intéressées par la question des «Jeunes dans l’agriculture» ;
Promouvoir le partage d’information sur les enjeux du développement agricole et rural entre les pays d’Afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique (ACP).

Les informations sur les Prix YoBloCo sont disponibles ici: http://www.yobloco.info/a-propos-de-nous
Le blog en compétition doit être soumis ici : http://www.yobloco.info/soumettre-votre-blog
Bonne chance à tous !

Marie-Noëlle Guichi

Yaya Toure Is Three Times African Best

Manchester City and Ivory Coast midfielder Yaya Toure has been named the Confederation of African Football (Caf) Footballer of the Year.

It is a third straight title for Toure, who also won December’s BBC African Footballer of the Year award.

He was up against fellow Ivorian Didier Drogba, of Galatasaray, and Nigeria and Chelsea midfielder John Mikel Obi.

“What I am doing now, I am doing very well and I am very happy about that,” Toure said after receiving his award.

But he acknowledged that it had been a difficult choice for the national team coaches and technical directors who take part in the vote.

“”It was quite tight – because it there were good opponents in front of me. Obi Mikel was doing well – and Drogba as well, so I was thinking maybe I would lose it. I am lucky today, I am very proud of myself,” he said.

Toure, 30, emulates Abedi Pele and Samuel Eto’o with a hat-trick of wins.

toure

Ghanaian Abedi Pele won three in a row between 1991-93 while Cameroonian Eto’o took the award from 2003-05.

Toure may not have won a major trophy for club and country last year but his class has shone through at both domestic level and for the Elephants of Ivory Coast.

He was honoured at a ceremony in Lagos, Nigeria, on Thursday.

Toure’s form also led to him being the only African to be included on the 23-man shortlist for Fifa’s World Player of the Year.

His closest rival for the Caf award was Mikel, 26, who helped Nigeria win the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations in South Africa and also featured in Chelsea’s Europa League win.

Former Arsenal striker Nwankwo Kanu was the last Nigerian star to win the prestigious award in 1999.

Ex-Chelsea favourite Drogba, 35, was runner-up in 2012 but won the Caf award in 2006 and 2009.

Nigerians were disappointed that Mikel missed out – but elsewhere the country had an excellent night.

The man who led the Super Eagles to the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations crown , Stephen Keshi, was named coach of the year – and his team got national team of the year for that triumph in South Africa.

And Kelechi Iheanacho, who starred for Nigeria’s U17 team when they won the World Cup in United Arab Emirates, scoring 6 goals, won the most promising talent award.

His team won youth team of the year.

Egyptian great Mohamed Aboutrika was the African-based player of the year for an unprecedented fourth time – taking the crown just weeks after calling time on his illustrious career.

His club, the Cairo giants Al Ahly, were named club of the year after they won their eighth African Champions League title, despite having precious little domestic football in Egypt for the last two years.

Interim CAR President Quits Office

Central Africa Republic’s interim President Michel Djotodia has resigned at a regional summit aimed at ending violence that has engulfed the country.

CAR’s entire transitional assembly is attending the meeting in Chad organised by regional leaders.

Mr Djotodia, CAR’s first Muslim leader, had been resisting pressure to go.

His seizure of power last year has led to 20% of the population fleeing their homes amid fighting between Christian and Muslim militias.
michel
Who is Michel Djotodia?

Becomes first Muslim leader of an overwhelmingly Christian country after seizing power from Francois Bozize in March 2013
Has led several rebel groups
Served as both defence minister and diplomat under previous peace deals
Said to have used diplomatic posting in Sudan’s Darfur region to forge alliance with Janjaweed militia and fighters from Chad, who played a key role in his seizure of power
Officially disbanded his Seleka rebel group but they continue to kill and loot

The UN has warned of an impending humanitarian disaster.

Since December and the arrival of more regional peacekeepers and French troops, 1,000 people have died in sectarian clashes.

Many villages are deserted and in the last month the number of those who have fled their homes has doubled – including almost half of those living in the capital city, Bangui.

Mr Djotodia’s resignation was made in a statement by the 10-nation Economic Community of Central African States (Eccas).

His prime minister Nicolas Tiengaye, with whom he had a fractious relationship, has also resigned, the AFP news agency reports.

Earlier Eccas Secretary-General Ahmat Allami said members of CAR’s National Transitional Council (CNT) had been flown in at short notice to decide the leadership of their nation.

The lawmakers met regional leaders while Mr Djotodia held separate talks with allies from his former Seleka rebel alliance, AFP reported.

The BBC’s Paul Wood reports on the growing humanitarian crisis in CAR

Under a deal brokered by regional powers last year, the CNT was charged with choosing a transitional leader to take CAR to elections due at the end of 2014. It formally elected Mr Djotodia to his position as interim president last April.

Earlier on Friday, thousands of people in Bangui took to the streets demanding the resignation of Mr Djotodia, a former Soviet-trained civil servant.

His Seleka rebel alliance seized power last March overthrowing in the then-President Francois Bozize, from CAR’s majority Christian population.

Although Mr Djotodia officially disbanded the Seleka rebels, he has proved unable to keep them in check.

Their actions have prompted Christians to form vigilante groups, sparking a deadly cycle of revenge attacks.

The African Union now has some 4,000 peacekeepers in the country and France has deployed 1,600 troops to try and restore peace.

Source BBC.