Pastoral farming which can also be called livestock farming or grazing is farming aimed at producing livestock, rather than growing crops. But the farmers may grow crops to feed their livestock.
This includes areas such as dairy farming, raising beef cattle, and raising sheep for wool.
Pastoral farmers are also known as graziers and in some cases pastoralists.
This article seeks to emphasis the importance of pastoral farming especially to farming groups that are just seeing the sun of day and struggling to grow.
This sector of agriculture is very productive and needs attention.It is important to note that the milk we consume today and other dairy products come from this domain. Products such as meat, butter, cheese and wool constitute major export in some countries like in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Great Britain, Ireland, New Zealand and the Western United States, and Canada.
In ACP countries Common initiative groups, CIGs, are yet to know the benefits this sector brings provided the animals grazed are well taken care of.
Of recent some individuals have come to understand the importance and are bent on helping others.
For example in Cameroon a CIG,SHAUMAS, has taken upon itself to donate animals to some 400 young farmers and females in an operation one woman, one sheep or pig.
The beneficiaries have been asked to bring a new breed next year 2015 so that the next group takes the relay.
I think this is how the society needs to work to increase and improve on the level of agriculture.
Pastoral farming is a huge option for youths, CIGs; who want to excel in future. But is not just about daring in this sector, the need to have a good grazing land, feeds for animals and vaccinating animals are very primordial.
The government too has a great role to play, there is need for subvention to farmers, in case of intensive farming, these farms use machines and new technologies to become as efficient and cost-effective as possible, an example being the Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation.