Category Archives: FEATURE

Media pluralism Not a Measuring Yardstick For Press Freedom in Cameroon

Freedom of press in Cameroon to my opinion is just a song sung by the government.The media of Cameroon is controlled by the government and little is being done to ameliorate the conditions of journalists.There are about 500 Newspapers in Cameroon,over 40 Radio stations,20 Television stations and numerous online outlets.

The government claims that the press in Cameroon exercise press freedom but in the real since it is freedom of the Press not freedom in the Press.

How can press freedom be when journalist lack news sources,to get an information on certain issue is a nightmare,working conditions are porous leading to unethical practices like taking brown envelopes,government subvention is not enough and news sources dictate the finish product of a journalist.Journalists are manipulated by politicians,there is gate keeping,the list is long.This leads to the practice of bad journalism.

Media pluralism in Cameroon is just a means by the government to show the international community that Press freedom is in full gear,after all any newspaper can write any rubbish and get away.

Cameroons constitution guarantees freedom of the press, but in practice, the threat of government censorship generally prevents opposition viewpoints from appearing in print, especially in the government-controlled press.

Censorship and harassment of journalists is common in Cameroon. The government has been implicated in recent efforts to block access to Twitter within the country.

If we are to go by examples newspaper editor Raphaël Nkamtcheun was detained for receiving allegedly confidential government documents from former finance minister Polycarpe Abah Abah when he visited Abah in Yaoundé prison on February 17, 2011, an incident that Reporters Without Borders condemned as arbitrary intimidation.

“Cameroun Express” editor Ngota Ngota Germain (aka Bibi Ngota) died in Yaoundé’s Kondengui Central Prison on April 22, 2011, an incident opponents cite as government intimidation; other reporters subject to arrest and incarceration without being charged include editors Serge Sabouang of the bimonthly “La Nation” and Robert Mintya of the weekly “Le Devoir”[4]

Most Cameroonian publications are issued irregularly and have small circulations. The major daily is the Cameroon Tribune, the official government newspaper, published in French and English in Yaoundé.
Recently the National Communication council created by the government has been using its hammer to strike journalist whom they think have gone out of ethical values,however many think that some of their sanctions are carried out due to the influence of the Cameroonian government which is considered as the god father.

some TV Media houses
CRTV

Privately owned

STV1 (spectrum TV 1)
STV 2 (Spectrum TV 2)
Canal 2 International
Ariane TV
Equinoxe TV
TV Max
DBS, channel under development
Vision 4, in the testing phase
New TV, under development
Africa TV, under development
L.T.M TV Douala
canal2 zebra
SAMBA TV
T.L under development
CAMNEWS24 Douala
HI TV

Radio
The national station, transmitting from Yaoundé,
Ten regional radio stations,

Private

Radio Jeunesse, Yaoundé
RTS (Radio Tiemeni Siantou), has a Website, Yaoundé and Bafang
Magic FM, Yaoundé
TBC, Yaoundé
FM 94 Yaoundé
Radio Venus, Yaoundé
Radio Environnement, Yaoundé
Radio Lumière, Yaoundé
Sky One Radio, Yaoundé
Radio Bonne Nouvelle, Yaoundé
Moov Radio, Yaoundé
Radio Equinoxe, has a Website, Douala
Sweet FM, Douala
FM Suellaba (known mainly be the name FM 105), Douala
Radio Nostalgie, Douala
RTM (Real Time Radio), Douala
Radio Veritas, Douala
FM Medumba, Bangangté
Radio Yemba, Dschang
Radio Star FM, Bafoussam
Radio Batcham, Bafoussam
Radio Salaaman, Garoua
FM Mont Cameroun Buea
Radio Fotouni, Fotouni
FM Pouala Bafoussam
EDEN RADIO FM ( LIMBE )
OCEAN CITY RADIO ( LIMBE )
ENTERNITY GOSPEL RADIO ( LIMBE )
Radio Oku, Oku
Radio Lolodorf, Lolodorf
Satellite FM, Yaoundé
Radio Equatoriale, Sangmélimad
Radio Casmando, Douala
Hit Radio, Douala
Stone FM Radio (Ndop)
International[edit]
BBC World Service: English, with some broadcasts in French
RFI : French, with some broadcasts in English and Spanish

Youths,the Workforce Behind Agriculture

Since most agricultural projects are effectuated in rural areas,it needs the man power to keep its daily activities.But with the migration of the workforce to urban areas the level of agricultural advancement tends to decrease.
Most of the migrants are youths and this practise of Rural-urban migration usually leads to a loss of necessary man power in the rural areas to work on the farm lands.On the other hand, increased man power in urban centres provides cheap labour to the industries in these areas.

Whereas this labour could have been used in rural areas to fooster agriculture.
This migration also brings chanhges to the state of farms;larger and fewer farms, additional farming practices have changed, larger equipment hence removal of fencerows and wind breaks to allow larger equipment, leading to wind blow soil.

In this situation,governments of ACP countries should understand that without the youths,no matter the technological advancements,agriculture still needs tem.There should be the creation of opportunities for these youths to remain in the villages and man their farms.

In this light,farming tools have to be provided,seeds,manure,animal feeds and even serminars need to be organised by the government or groups to encourage agriculture.

If these are put into consideration rural-urban migration will be something of the past.And youths will be retained in the rural areas,will be able to be masters of their own destiny because agriculture is the backborn of any country, especially developing countries.

Role of Social Media in Promotion of Agriculture

When one hear the name social media in agriculture,one would be asking what is its place but the truth is that social media including facebook,twitter,skype,Badoo etc play a vital role in the foostering the development of agriculture.Youths in ACP countries have to know the way the public learns about agriculture and forms opinions about food production.

Garrett Hawkins, of Farm Bureau says “Agriculture is becoming more diverse as a population and we are becoming further removed from the farm,” . “It is important that agriculturists explore different communication options.”

Samantha Gibson in 2013 writes that Most Americans are at least three generations removed from the farm, meaning it has been three generations or more since they have lived on a farm, and the average age of the American farmer is 55.
I have the believe that agriculture groups in ACP countries could also embrace this social media style to ameliorate their various sectors.

index

Agricultural industries are enhancing their development within social media and expanding their businesses to reach the general public. Industries are starting to hire social media specialist who monitor the social media business
The most beneficial thing about social media is that you get to have a conversation with people about agriculture.Social media is instant, quick and allows you to have a relationship with consumers,this is recommendable for ACP countries.

Use of social media generates a new audience. Twitter, Facebook and YouTube allow farmers to tell their stories in their own words . The masses of people who use Facebook and Twitter create new ways to share with otherwise uniformed people. According to Statisticsbrain.com, there are more than 1.2 billion people who use Facebook worldwide. Farmers can share what is important to them and what changes they wish to see in the agriculture industry.

Summarily Social media helps agriculture in the following

Social media captures widespread users. Interesting stories trending on Twitter or Facebook are more likely to be read than buried deep in a newspaper.

It allows the agricultural industries to know what people are talking about.

All outlets of social media are available at the tip of your fingers; all you need is Internet access. These outlets allow people to participate in conversations and gather intelligent thoughts and insights. Technology has greatly impacted agriculture. Farmers and ranchers are taking advantage of genetic advancements in livestock, biotechnology in seeds, alternative fuel sources and GPS technology. Farmers can use social media outlets to educate the public on their increased use of technology.

These social media outlets also provide a platform for those who do not approve of modern agriculture practices. Sometimes referred to as anti agriculture activists, their online presence increases the need for farmers to take advantage of social media tools to combat the statements of anti agriculture activists.

By Hanson NFOR N

Importance of ICT in Contemporary Agriculture

As the world becomes a global village due to the arrival of the Information communications technology, ICT, agriculture too has benefited enormously to the changes. It is of utmost importance for youth organizations to engage in the dissemination of information using the new media or ICT tools.
This is because the application of information and communications technology (ICT) in agriculture is increasingly important.

Experts hold that the main phases of the agriculture industry include crop cultivation,water management,fertilizer, harvesting,post-harvest handling, transport of food products packaging,food preservation,food processing,quality management,food storage and safety.

E- Agriculture
E-Agriculture is an emerging field focusing on the enhancement of agricultural and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-Agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (IT) in the rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture. E-Agriculture is a relatively new term.
The main focus of this article is to elaborate how the achievements of IT can be applied in Agriculture sector and its development.

The main applications of ICT in Agriculture sector are listed below.

• Record text, drawings, photographs, audio, video, process descriptions, and other information in digital formats,
• Produce exact duplicates of such information at significantly lower cost,
• Transfer information and knowledge rapidly over large distances through communications networks.
• Achieve greater interactivity in communicating, evaluating, producing and sharing useful information and knowledge.

There are many government, private and non-government organizations involved in agriculture sector and rural development. They all have to work together to give better service to farming community. Therefore, application of office automation is one of the solutions to enhance the efficiency and inter-connectivity of the employees work in all above mentioned organizations.

Many computer applications such as MS Officce, Internet Explorer and lots of others, are unlimited potential to organizations and individuals to fulfill their day to day data processing requirements to give an efficient service to their customers and youths involved in the sector will have to use this new technology to modernize their farming methods and facilitate their day-to-day activities.

In Summary ICT can help foster the growth of agriculture in the following ways

• SMS or text messaging campaigns for enabling environment advocacy
• Pricing and weather information systems
• Applications to help buyers manage transactions with the thousands of small-scale farmers who supply to them
• Mobile banking and apps that facilitate quick payments
• Initiatives to expand the reach of farm extension services through phone, radio, video and sometimes all three.

Obama wants Same Sex marriage in Africa

The recent call for African countries to legalise same sex marriage by US president Obama has been widely criticized.

While in DAKAR, Senegal — President Obama on Thursday called the Supreme Court’s decision to overturn the Defense of Marriage Act a “victory for American democracy” and said he had directed his administration to find ways to make sure gay couples received the benefits for which they were now eligible.

 

“It’s my personal belief, but I’m speaking now as a president not as a lawyer, that if you marry someone in Massachusetts and you move somewhere else, you’re still married,” Mr. Obama told reporters at a news conference here during his second trip to sub-Saharan Africa since taking office. “We’re going to be evaluating all these issues.”

Standing next to President Macky Sall of Senegal, Mr. Obama also urged African nations that treat homosexuality as a crime, like Senegal, to make sure that gays and lesbians were not discriminated against by the government.

“When it comes to how the state treats people, how the law treats people, I believe that everybody has to be treated equally,” Mr. Obama said. The comment prompted a retort from Mr. Sall that his country is not “homophobic” even though its society is not yet ready to decriminalize homosexual behavior.

Mr. Obama spoke on a wide range of subjects in his first news conference since a spate of news back home in the last week. He talked about the court’s decision to strike down a part of the 1965 Voting Rights Act; the pursuit of Edward J. Snowden, who leaked documents about National Security Agency programs; and the fragile health of Nelson Mandela, the former South African president.

On the Voting Rights Act, Mr. Obama said the court had made “a mistake” in its ruling, saying the justices had dealt a blow to a law that was “the cornerstone and the culmination of years of struggle, blood, sweat, tears; in some cases, deaths.”

He added, “I might not be here as president” if the Voting Rights Act had not been passed into law decades ago.

But the president acknowledged that the Supreme Court had ruled and he urged Congress to “simply make sure that everyone around the country can vote.”

On Mr. Snowden, who fled Hong Kong to Russia after revealing that he had leaked sensitive surveillance information, Mr. Obama said he had not personally called the presidents of China or Russia because he did not want to elevate the importance of Mr. Snowden’s case. He said other nations should simply be willing to return Mr. Snowden to the United States as a matter of course.

“This is something that routinely is dealt with,” Mr. Obama said. “This is not exceptional from a legal perspective. I’m not going to have one case suddenly being elevated to the point where I have to do wheeling and dealing and trading.”

Cuba has been reported as Mr. Snowden’s next destination, but on Thursday afternoon, a flight from Moscow to Havana took off without any sign that Mr. Snowden was on board. Asked whether he would order the military to intercept any plane Mr. Snowden might travel on, Mr. Obama said he would not.

“I’m not going to be scrambling jets to get a 29-year-old hacker,” the president said.

Just a day before Mr. Obama is set to travel to South Africa, he expressed admiration for Mr. Mandela, who is often called Madiba, his clan name, in his own country. He is critically ill and has been hospitalized in Pretoria, South Africa, for weeks.

“I’ve had the privilege of meeting Madiba and speaking to him,” Mr. Obama said. “He is a personal hero. But I don’t think I’m unique in that regard. I think he is a hero for the world. If and when he passes from this place, one thing I think we all know is that his legacy is one that will linger on for all the ages.”

Mr. Obama formally opened his visit to the African continent at the Palace of the President, where he met with Mr. Sall to discuss opportunities for greater trade and investment that could bolster the economies of both countries.

“I see this as a moment of great promise and great progress for the continent,” Mr. Obama said. “All too often the world overlooks the amazing progress that Africa is making.”

Mr. Obama arrived at the palace along a driveway lined with palm trees and bright orange flowers. He was accompanied by his wife, Michelle, and greeted at the palace by Mr. Sall and his wife, Mareme Sall.

In his first extended visit to Africa since becoming president, Mr. Obama’s motorcade was greeted by throngs of people, including women dressed in traditional white garb to signify peace, in the downtown area of the city. Signs along the route proclaimed, “Welcome Home President Obama.”

Some Africans have criticized Mr. Obama for what they say has been a lack of attention and investment in the continent where his father was born. The American president spent one day in sub-Saharan Africa in 2009, delivering a speech in Ghana.

“Africans have been largely disappointed, especially when they look at the focus on Africa by the previous presidents,” said Mwangi Kimenyi, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution. “They therefore have a feeling that President Obama is still not in tune with the emerging continent.”

Courtesy New York Times

What May Happen To UB If Peace Does Not Take Course

It is almost a week now since the latest student strike action in the university of Buea,students have been arrested,offices ran-sacked,vehicles burned to ashes,lives threatened.
Yet it seems no one is ready to take the blame.While the student Union UBSU claim that they are on the right path,the administration seem to distant itself from the demands and hold strong on theri stand.
Report say some student leaders are now in hiding as police continue to search for them.it is alleged that the arrest of students continue, forcing them to go on comatose.
As this UB Strike-Arrest Continues,Student leaders in Hiding,UBSU Promise another attack,the administration should not take things light.There should be dialogue.

One student leader SIGALA REMY is said to have been shot on the leg Sunday at Malingo Junction,purportedly by VC,s Security Guard.
While OBASI Benbessi who was brutaly wounded on the day of the protest is said to have collapsed at the prison cell twice

An official statement from UBSU facebook account says that Tuesday 21st May,Students will gather against what they claim,injustice and dead threats.

The aftermath of the 2005 strike left two dead

The aftermath of the 2005 strike left two dead

While report say there are some innocent students who were arrested last wednesday still in prison.
Sources also say the number of UB students who took part in the National Day match pass was far-less than their normal participation.Report also say UB had Only One Placad during Match pass and people could hardly recognize students in black coats.
Just called a student now and latest news is that those students caught which many say include innocent ones will appear in court this Tuesday.
From all indication,the court maybe jam-packed with students.
Opinion are that if these students are not released an unending strike may ensued in UB.

Students as well as lecturers are expected to meet an uneasy calm on campus after match pass.
While The Vice Chancellor of the university of Buea,Dr Nalova Lyonga has called for peace to reign in the institution.

THIS IS WHAT MAY HAPPEN TO UB IF PEACE IS NOT RESTORED

1.The Degree students ontain will be regarded as a Strike-Degree
2.Second for the academic year 2012/2013 may not end
3.School properties may continue to be destroyed
4.Innocent students will continue to troop the police station after abitary arrest
5.Some officials may lose their position
6.some over zealouse studenty leaders maybe caught in the drag-net
7.As UBSU have promised that Tuesday 21 May will not be easy,then…
8.There are Fear that 2005,2006 incident may occur-the Motuary maybe the next destination.
Peace therefore need to reign
Humbly written as an observer

Nfor Hanson Nchanji,
Journalist at Equinoxe Radio and television,
Douala-Cameroon
hanson.nfor35@gmail.com

50th Anniversary Celebration In Buea:Constructive Destruction

As the celebration of 50 years of Cameroons reunification get closer,there have been wide construction of some major projects in Buea.
The construction and renovation of the famous Mountain hotel is eminent,the parliamentary flat,reunification grand stand,village,and other sites like the fly-over-road to the governors office,renovation of prime ministers lodge are near completion if not some.
This construction cannot passed without destruction noticed,many critics have argued that the destruction of the cemented area that separated the dual carriage from mile 17 to the central police round-about is a deliberate attempt by the regime to destroy the pride of anglophones.This destruction,as others see it,will help to create more road accidents,because it has left the road wide open for any crash.Why therefore did this lane constructed if officials knew it maybe one day destroyed?
School children and other road users,before used to find it easy to cross the road,wait on the lane before finishing the other half of the road.”But now this lane has been removed just for a one-day celebration.”

There is also the issue of some road constructions that have been poorly executed,roads like the Buea-Tole,Malingo-Muea,and other strategic areas have just been given a retouch and not necessarily real construction.
The cry is that when president Biya exhorts his visit to Buea,these projects such as street lights,pod-holes infested roads will be begging for renovation.
The recent visit by the Minister, Director of the Civil Cabinet at the Presidency of the Republic Martin Belinga Eboutu to Buea and his confirmation that the sites to host the celebration are ready is a perfect signal that Etoudi will soon be transferred to the Southwest region for some few days when the President of the republic Paul Biya comes visiting.